November 20, 2017
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Overview of Bhutan

СНПЧ А7 Ульяновск, обзоры принтеров и МФУ

Bhutan is a small and landlocked state located in the Eastern Himalaya, surrounded by China, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Bhutan is enriched with unique culture and traditions which make it a very distinctive country in the world.

Bhutan is the only country in today’s world that still retains the Tantric form of Mahayana Buddhism as its official religion. This form of Buddhism was introduced to Bhutan by Guru Padmasambhava (the second Buddha) in the 8th century. According to legends, Guru Padmasambhava made his legendary trip from Tibet to Bhutan on the back of a flying tigress to subdue evil spirits who hindered the spread of Buddhism teachings.

The place he landed in Bhutan is known as “The Tiger’s Nest” in Paro Valley where he meditated for 3 months. Till now, this place remains as one of the most prominent and sacred places in Himalayan Buddhism. Taktsang Palphug Monastery was first built on this precipitous cliff at 3,120 metres above Paro Valley in 1692.

The most important festivals in Bhutan are those that dedicated to Guru Padmasambhava, which Bhutanese believe that by attending these holy spiritual events, one will gain merit for the next life. At the end of some festivals, a huge Throngdrel or religious appliqués will be unfurled before dawn for attendees of the festivals to be blessed by the Throngdrel.

Before Bhutan was unified in 1616 by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel, it was ruled by different leaders and clans. This created a lot of conflicts and civil wars among Bhutanese. In 1907, Bhutan’s first King was elected, which started the monarchy of Wangchuck Dynasty. The current Majesty is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, the fifth King of this monarchy.

In today’s world, Bhutan is well-known for its unique and bold philosophy, “Gross National Happiness” (GNH) which was propounded by fourth King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck. In 1972, fourth king led Bhutan into the age of modernization while still preserves the Buddhist spiritual values. The four pillars of GNH are the promotion of sustainable development, preservation and promotion of cultural values, conservation of the natural environment, and establishment of good governance.

Video: Bhutan

  1. Introduction on Bhutan by Tourism Council of Bhutan
  2. Documentary on Bhutan by Journeyman Pictures, UK

Kingdom of Bhutan

National Flag

National Emblem

Geography

Altitude

240 metres to 7,541 metres above sea level

Area

38,394 km2 (World Ranking : 135th position)

Capital

Thimphu

Forest Area

72.50%

Time Zone

UTC + 6

Population

2011 estimate

708,000 (World Ranking : 165th position)

Density

18 / km2 (World Ranking : 154th position)

Official Language

Dzongkha

Official Religion

Tantric Buddhism

Economy

GDP (PPP)

2010 estimate

- Total

$ 3.875 billion

- Per capita

$5,429

GDP (Nominal)

2010 estimate

- Total

$ 1.412 billion

- Per capita

$1,978

Government

Political System

Unitary Parliamentary Democracy and

Constitutional Monarchy

King

JigmeKhesarNamgyelWangchuck

Prime Minister

Jigme Y. Thinley

Formation

Wangchuck Dynasty

17 December 1907

National Day

17 December

Other Information

Country Calling Code

+ 975

Currency

Ngultrum (pegged to Indian Rupee)

Internet TLD

.bt

National Animal

Takin

National Bird

Raven

National Flower

Blue Poppy

National Sport

Archery

National Tree

Cypress